PhD ENTRANCE EXAM Research Methodology

Qualifying PhD Entrance exam possible or not 

The article bring you this amazing opportunity to prepare for the upcoming PhD Entrance exam. So what are you waiting for if you want to crack Entrance exam go through the following tips

Here are some tips you should keep in mind

  • Early start up preparation
  • Give sufficient time to cover whole syllabus.Make a distinction between your weak and strong units
  • Simple to Complex
  • Classify your entire syllabus in  the format of simple to complex units accordingly.
  • Make a study schedule
  • For this divide the contents into simple chunks and allocate study time as per its difficulty level
  • Self made hand written notes
  • Try to make notes pointwise using flowcharts.Try to avoid making long notes .Make it as simple as you can.
  • The last but not the least important thing to follow is 
  • Maintain your MENTAL HEALTH

It means stay calm and confident during preparation, give your best efforts as you know Anxiety and stress may affect your overall performance so KICK  OUT the factors that affect your Mental health.


  Approach Positive

 Self Assessment time to time

Alignment  towards your mind body &soul

Attitude  for improvement &consideration

Acquire  innovative knowledge


Let’s take topics of unit 1 Introduction to Research

 Meaning of Research

The methodical process of gathering, examining, and evaluating data in order to either create new knowledge or enhance already existing knowledge is known as research. It entails gathering data, evaluating it, and interpreting it in order to test theories or find answers to certain research problems.

 It offers fact-based answers to challenging issues and contributes to raising both the standard of living in communities and for individuals. Additionally, research fosters innovation and advances economic development and growth.

Definitions of Research

“ Research is a process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our understanding of a topic or issue.”

According to Creswell (2014)

According to Kerlinger (1973)

“A Research is systematic, controlled, empirical, and critical investigation of hypothetical propositions about the presumed relations among natural phenomena.”

According to Leedy and Ormrod (2010)

“Research is systematic and scientific approach to the scientific method whereby the researcher develops and tests hypotheses or questions, and then collects and analyzes data that will either support or refute them.”

According to Merriam-Webster

“Research is careful or diligent search, studious inquiry, or examination, especially investigation or experimentation aimed at the discovery and interpretation of facts, revision of accepted theories or laws in the light of new facts, or practical application of such new or revised theories or laws.”

 According to John.W.Best

“Research is a systematic and objective analysis and recording of controlled observations that may lead to the development of generalizations, principles, theories and concepts, resulting in prediction for seeing and possibly ultimate control of events.”

Objectives of Research

  • To investigate phenomena or new fields of study that have not been previously investigated.
  • To support or contradict theories or hypotheses that already exist.
  • To offer proof in order to aid in the formulation of policies or decision-making.
  • To enhance procedures or practices within a specific industry.
  • To find fresh chances for technological advancement or innovation.
  • To characterize and comprehend the traits and actions of a specific population or group.
  • To assess a certain intervention’s impact or effectiveness.

                     Significance of Research


The potential of research to further knowledge and comprehension across a range of disciplines It offers fact-based answers to challenging issues and contributes to the existing knowledge.


Research offers fresh data, concepts, and theories that can deepen our understanding of a certain topic or phenomenon. This helps to create new knowledge.


Research helps decision-makers create efficient policies and practices by offering evidence-based answers to challenging issues.


 Research can point up fresh chances for creativity and assist in enhancing procedures and practices across a range of industries, including business, education, and healthcare.


.Research sheds light on the causes and contributing variables of social, economic, and environmental issues as well as helping to develop workable solutions. This aids in the resolution of real-world problems.


Research can result in the creation of new products and technology that can boost employment and the economy.


 By offering evidence-based answers to problems in healthcare, education, and social issues, research can help people and communities live better lives. 

A list of ten steps In The Research Process

  • STEP 1: Formulate your question
  • STEP 2: Get background information
  • STEP 3: Refine your search topic
  • STEP 4: Consider your resource options
  • STEP 5: Select the appropriate tool
  • STEP 6: Use the tool
  • STEP 7: Locate your materials
  • STEP 8: Analyze your materials
  • STEP 9: Organize and write
  • STEP 10: Compose your bibliography

Dr. Deepti Uniyal

I am Dr. Deepti Uniyal, an enthusiastic educator with a profound dedication to the field of education. With a doctorate in Education and qualifications including a NET certification, masters in three subjects, and a postgraduate diploma in guidance and counseling, I bring a wealth of knowledge and experience to the academic realm. Over the span of 12 years, I have had the privilege of shaping young minds in various universities and colleges. My journey in education has been driven by a relentless pursuit of excellence, a commitment to fostering critical thinking, and a deep-seated belief in the transformative power of education. My academic background is rooted in a multidisciplinary approach, having mastered subjects across different domains. This breadth of knowledge allows me to offer unique insights and perspectives, enriching the learning experience for my students. One of my areas of expertise lies in guidance and counseling, where I have equipped individuals with the necessary tools to navigate through challenges and realize their full potential. I firmly believe that education extends beyond the boundaries of textbooks, encompassing holistic development and emotional well-being. As an educator, I strive to create an inclusive and engaging learning environment that encourages curiosity, creativity, and collaboration. My teaching philosophy revolves around fostering a growth mindset, empowering students to embrace challenges as opportunities for growth. In addition to my role as an educator, I am passionate about research and innovation in education. I am dedicated to staying abreast of the latest pedagogical techniques and educational trends, continually refining my teaching methods to ensure relevance and effectiveness. In my interactions with students, colleagues, and the academic community at large, I am driven by a genuine desire to make a positive impact and contribute to the advancement of education. I believe that education is not merely a profession but a calling—a calling to inspire, to empower, and to ignite the flame of lifelong learning. In conclusion, I am deeply honored to be a part of the transformative journey of education, and I look forward to continuing to inspire and empower future generations.

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