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Anne Frank Biography

Anne Frank History

Annelies “Anne” Marie Frank, (12 June 1929 – early March 1945) was one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust. She was bornin the city of Frankfurt am Main in Weimar Germany, she lived most of her life near Amsterdam, in the Netherlands. Born a German National, Frank lost her citizenship in 1941 when Nazi Germany passed the anti-Semitic Nuremberg Laws. She wrote her experiences hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War Second.

The Frank family moved from Germany to Amsterdam in1933, the year Nazis gained contrl over Germany. By the beginning of 1940, they were trapped in Amsterdam by the Nazi occupation in Netherlands. As persecutions of the Jewish population increased in July 1942, the family wrnt into hiding in the hidden rooms of Anne’s father, Otto Frank’s, office building. After two years , the group was betrayed and transported to concentration camps. Anne Frank and her sister, Margot, were eventually transferred to the Berfen-Belsen concentration camps, where they both died of typhus in March 1945.

Otto Frank, the only survivor of the family, returned to Amsterdam after the war to find that Anne’s diary had been saved, and his efforts led to its publication in 1947. It was translated from its original Dutch and first published in English in 1952 as "The Diary of a Young Girl". It has since been translated into many languages. The diary, which was given to Anne on her 13th birthday, chronicle her life from 12 June 1942 until 1 August 1944.

Anne Frank was born on 12 june 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany, the second daughter of Otto Frank (1889-1980) and Edith Frank-Hollander(1900-45). Margot Frank (1926-45) was her elder sister.

On 13 March 1933, elections were held in Frankfurt for the municipal council, and Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Party won. Antisemitic demonstrations to them if they remained in Germany. Otto Frank remained in Frankfurt, but after receiving an offer to start a company in Amsterdam, he moved there to organize the business and to arrange accomodations for his family. The Frank were among 300,000 Jews who fled Germany between 1933-1939.

Margot demonstrate ability in arithmetic, and Anne showed aptitude for reading and writing. The Frank sisters had highly distinct personalities, Margot being well-mannered, reserved, and studious, while Anne was outspoken, energetic, and extrverted.

In May 1940, Germany invaded the Netherlands, and the occupation government began to persecute Jews by the implementation of restrictive and discriminatory laws; mandatory registration and segregation soon followed.

For Anne’s 13th birthday on 12 June 1942, Anne Frank received a book she had shown her father in a shop window a few days earlier. Although it was an autograph book, bound with red and white checkered cloths and with a small lock on the front, Frank decided she would use it as a diary , and began writing in it almost immediately.

This is an endearing real life account of ( and by) a young Jewish girl while she was in hiding from the Nazis during Worls War Second. Anne Frank begins writing her diary on her thirteenth birthday and continue to write in it for the next two years until finally the narrative gets truncated with her capture by Nazi troops. At a surprisingly intimate level, the book reveals how one of many Jewish families tries to cope with the oppressive Nazi regime. We see how members of an affluent and well educated Jewish family are forced to share their lives with another Jewish family inside the cramped and sparing back quarters of a warehouse. Food is scarce, facilities are rare and the outdoor are out of bounds. Amidst these bleak circumstances Anne tries to keep her spirits up by occupying herself in such constructive activities as her limited means will allow. She dreams of a bright, happy future and prepares herself for it. But her youth and liveliness are under cover and they face the constant threat of exposure.

For more biography :10 Must Read Autobiographies

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