Education

PhD Entrance Exam Research Methodology Types Of Research

types of research

Basic/Fundamental Research

Often referred to as pure or fundamental research, basic research seeks to increase our comprehension of the underlying ideas and theories in a variety of disciplines. It is not motivated by instantaneous practical applications, but rather by curiosity and a search for knowledge. By revealing novel phenomena, connections, or mechanisms, basic research frequently establishes the foundation for applied research.

Applied Research

 In a variety of disciplines, including engineering, medicine, agriculture, and education, applied research is carried out to address pertinent issues or provide solutions to particular difficulties. Applied research seeks to develop results that are directly relevant and useful in the real world, as opposed to basic research, which concentrates on theoretical understanding. It frequently entails the creation of novel technology, goods, or procedures to fulfill practical demands or enhance already-existing ones

Quantitative Research: 

 Quantitative research is characterized by its emphasis on objectivity, measurability, and the ability to generalize findings to larger populations

Qualitative Research

  Qualitative research Investigates meanings, experiences, and social processes in order to comprehend phenomena from a subjective point of view. It entails gathering and analyzing non-numerical data from sources like text, observations, and interviews. Techniques like participant observation, focus groups, in-depth interviews, and content analysis are examples of qualitative research methodologies. 

Experimental Research

In experimental research, one or more variables are manipulated in order to see how they affect another variable. It uses random assignment and confounding variable control to establish cause-and-effect linkages. To test theories and determine causal linkages, experimental research designs frequently involve control groups, randomization, and the manipulation of independent variables.

Descriptive Research

The purpose of descriptive research is to characterize and describe the features of a population or phenomenon. It entails gathering information via surveys, observations, or already-existing records, then analyzing that information to find correlations, patterns, and trends. Researchers can get important insights into the present situation and enhance their comprehension of the traits and actions of a specific group or phenomenon by using descriptive research.

Exploratory Research

 Investigative study is carried out when there is limited knowledge regarding a subject or occurrence. It seeks to produce fresh concepts, theories, or understandings that can direct additional research. In order to investigate underlying motives, beliefs, or behaviors, exploratory research frequently uses qualitative techniques like focus groups, interviews, or case studies. Developing research questions and ideas for more study is very helpful in the early phases of research.

Historical Research

 Historical research entails examining historical occurrences, deeds, or phenomena to determine their importance and applicability to the present. It is based on an examination of primary and secondary sources, such as artifacts, oral histories, and records. The goal of historical research is to identify trends, causes, and effects of past occurrences as well as to offer context for understanding current problems and advancements.

Cross-sectional research

 To investigate correlations or differences between variables within a population, data from a single moment in time are collected. It offers a moment in time view of a population and can be applied to find associations or correlations. Studying prevalence, distribution, and correlations between variables at a specific moment in time can be accomplished with the help of cross-sectional research

Longitudinal Research

Studies that follow the same participants over an extended period of time—often years or even decades are known as longitudinal research. Using this method, researchers can monitor how individuals or groups change over time and get insights into how attitudes, behaviors, and other characteristics change. Understanding growth and aging trends, as well as the long-term impacts of certain experiences or interventions, can be gained from longitudinal studies.

What is Research?

The methodical investigation with the goal of learning, analyzing, and using information to improve comprehension or address issues is Research.

What is basic Research?

Basic research is methodical study done with no direct practical use and with the goal of understanding and adding to fundamental concepts

What is basic Research?

Applying scientific knowledge to solve real-world issues or create niche applications is known as applied research

What is Quantitative Research?

The goal of quantitative research is to better understand phenomena, relationships, and trends through the collection and analysis of numerical data.

What is Qualitative Research?

Understanding human behavior, experiences, and perceptions through non-numerical data—such as interviews, observations, and textual analysis—is the main goal of qualitative research, a methodological approach

What is the difference between cross sectional and Longitudinal Research?

Cross-sectional research compares many groups at a single point in time, whereas longitudinal research tracks participants throughout time to observe changes

Dr. Deepti Uniyal

I am Dr. Deepti Uniyal, an enthusiastic educator with a profound dedication to the field of education. With a doctorate in Education and qualifications including a NET certification, masters in three subjects, and a postgraduate diploma in guidance and counseling, I bring a wealth of knowledge and experience to the academic realm. Over the span of 12 years, I have had the privilege of shaping young minds in various universities and colleges. My journey in education has been driven by a relentless pursuit of excellence, a commitment to fostering critical thinking, and a deep-seated belief in the transformative power of education. My academic background is rooted in a multidisciplinary approach, having mastered subjects across different domains. This breadth of knowledge allows me to offer unique insights and perspectives, enriching the learning experience for my students. One of my areas of expertise lies in guidance and counseling, where I have equipped individuals with the necessary tools to navigate through challenges and realize their full potential. I firmly believe that education extends beyond the boundaries of textbooks, encompassing holistic development and emotional well-being. As an educator, I strive to create an inclusive and engaging learning environment that encourages curiosity, creativity, and collaboration. My teaching philosophy revolves around fostering a growth mindset, empowering students to embrace challenges as opportunities for growth. In addition to my role as an educator, I am passionate about research and innovation in education. I am dedicated to staying abreast of the latest pedagogical techniques and educational trends, continually refining my teaching methods to ensure relevance and effectiveness. In my interactions with students, colleagues, and the academic community at large, I am driven by a genuine desire to make a positive impact and contribute to the advancement of education. I believe that education is not merely a profession but a calling—a calling to inspire, to empower, and to ignite the flame of lifelong learning. In conclusion, I am deeply honored to be a part of the transformative journey of education, and I look forward to continuing to inspire and empower future generations.

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